Public Sector - Stakeholder - Kenzie Group

The Price of a Timely Application

Kenzie Group - CommentKenzie Group_rgbA recent decision in the Technology and Construction Court (TCC) by Edwards-Stuart J in the case of Leeds City Council v Waco UK Limited [2015] EWHC 1400 should serve as a wake-up call for contractors in the trade who fail to recognise the importance of applying for interim payment on the exact contract date which has been agreed to.

This decision from the courts has the potential to influence the validity of interim payment applications sent on any date other than the exact date specified in the contract.

Leeds City Council (LCC) contracted with Waco UK Limited (Waco) under an amended JCT Design and Build Contract 2005 (Rev 2 2009 edition) to carry out the design, manufacture and installation of new factory-assembled modular classroom buildings at Roundhay Primary School in Leeds.

This may seem nothing out of the ordinary, as detailed (and as some contractors regularly tell us – overtly complex) payment provisions are nothing new, however in practise how many contractors adhere to the exact contract date on which interim applications are to be submitted?

Whilst this may be a generalisation on our behalf, most contractors (like Waco in this instance) often submit their interim payment applications around the time period that the application is due in accordance with the contract, but more often than not this can be a couple of days early or similarly a couple of days late. In practise, it is very rare that the paperwork trail is accurate on a monthly basis to the exact specified date as stipulated in the contract.

Back to the case of LCC v Waco, where Waco submitted an interim application on 22nd of September 2014 for the sum of nearly £500k, however this application was made and received a full six days before the bi-monthly required date as specified by clause 4.9.2 of the contract being the date of 28th of September 2014.

LCC in response didn’t serve a payment notice, or a pay less notice and did not make a payment. As one might expect, adjudication followed and Waco succeeded in this matter, and in due course a payment was made by LCC.

This matter was then taken to the Technology and Construction Court, where LCC submitted that there was never any entitlement under the contract provisions for applications for interim payments to be made on any dates other than those stipulated by the contract.

Edwards-Stuart J decided that an interim application was required to be made on the relevant date agreed, and had to include the total value of the work properly executed up to that date, and whilst a degree of flexibility was inferred from the parties conduct in terms of when a valid application could be submitted after the due date, the judge concluded that an application could not be made before the relevant due date – on the basis that an application made early could obviously not cover work between the date of the early application and the later valuation date.

But is this correct?
Don’t all contractors in the main when quantifying their work to date, work on an accrual basis of ‘projecting’ the amount of work to the end of the relevant period? – we think so, and it certainly makes sense to do so – but the moral of this story is that if you plan to rely on the opposing parties default in terms of a Payment Certificate or Pay Less Notices, then there can be no substitute for making those applications on the exact date that you agreed to make them on.

Applied for on any other date, and an application for payment may just find the decision of LCC v Waco to be a substantial hurdle.

Joseph Bond, Managing Director, Kenzie Group Limited

Contact Us

Kenzie Group Limited

St Albans House,

St Albans Road,


ST16 3DP

Tel: 01785 747 600



  • UK Construction Online’s Stakeholder page offers you the chance to find and learn about the leading companies in the UK Construction Industry.

    Featuring the very best suppliers and operators in the sector our stakeholder’s pages offer detailed information about the company, their latest case studies and press releases, plus products and services and testimonials.

    We work with our stakeholders to constantly update and maintain this database to ensure that the information is relevant and helpful for those looking to source premium quality companies in the UK construction market.

    You can ‘View all Stakeholders’ or use the drop down menus to find specific stakeholders via their company name or by sector.

    Join the Fastest Growing Community for Construction

    UK Construction Online's Stakeholder package quickly connects your company to our vast audience of over 250,000 visitors a month.

    View our latest Alexa ranking:

    What is a Stakeholder?

    A stakeholder is a Mircosite that has the power to highlight a product or service, launch a promotion, or promote brand awareness to the construction industry in a way that full websites or more traditional marketing cannot.

    All stakeholders have the ability to have their latest press releases and case studies promoted across the UK Construction Online platform. UK Construction Online is updated daily, with the latest news across all sectors within the construction industry and all stakeholders are promoted on both social media and to a mailing list of over 122,000 subscribers.

    UK Construction Media
    01257 231900