Rackheath Railway Bridge – Reinforcement and level control
Martin Young from Cassidy Forsythe was asked to create a 3d model of Rackheath bridge in order to demonstrate the construction sequence to Network Rail.
As a result of this model it became apparent that the reinforced concrete could not be constructed as designed by the client.
The problems found were as follows :
- Due to the length of the longitudinal bars it would be extremely difficult to install them between steel beams already installed
- Closed links would be impossible to install due to the intermediate bracing between the beams
- Stirrup reinforcement clashed with the intermediate bracing
These problems only became apparent once the 3d model had been created and helped to avoid costly delays.
The solutions Martin Young suggested to the client were as follows :
- Change the longitudinal reinforcement bars so that the bars could be installed on the ground before the steel beams are lifted into place
- Change the closed links to open U bars so that they could be fixed after the intermediate bracing
- Move the stirrup reinforcement or move the intermediate bracing away from the reinforced concrete beam
The proposed changes would allow the majority of the reinforcement to be installed on the ground, reducing the inherent risk of installing reinforcement at height, during a rail possession at night.
The problems highlighted by the 3d model can be seen from the screenshots below:
Diaphragm beam reinforcement with clashes with bracing
3d model of preferred reinforcement showing additional short straight bars
If Balfour Beatty had attempted to construct the bridge without the 3d modelling it would have been impossible to fix the reinforcement as designed.
This would have led to wasted possessions including costs for plant, people and materials, together with delays to the programme.
Bearing in mind that a 1000t crane was intended to be used for lifting the beams into place, the costs for the aborted work could easily be in the region of £500,000